Neurosurgery hospitals and surgeons in Switzerland
Neurosurgeries in Switzerland, Zurich, Geneva, Lausanne, Montreux, Lucerne, Basel, Ticino
Neurosurgery is concerned with the surgical treatment of diseases of the nervous system. In consultation with neurologists, neurosurgeons investigate problems resulting from disorders of the nervous system. Neurosurgeons can operate on brain tumours, spinal cord tumours, herniated discs of the cervical and lumbar spine or cerebral haemorrhages (bleeding in the brain) and undertake surgical treatments of pain.
Neurosurgery is optimized by microsurgery with the aid of a surgical microscope. This technique allows more precise and minimally invasive surgery.
Neurosurgery is the specialty of surgery that provides operative and non-operative management (i.e. critical care, prevention, diagnosis, evaluation, treatment, and rehabilitation) of disorders of the central, peripheral, and autonomic nervous systems, including their supporting structures and vascular supply; the evaluation and treatment of pathological processes that modify the function or activity of the nervous system, including the hypophysis; and the operative and non-operative management of pain.
As such, neurological surgery encompasses treatment of adult and pediatric patients with disorders of the nervous system:
- Disorders of the brain, meninges, and skull, and their blood supply
(includes the extracranial carotid and vertebral column; and those that may require treatment by spinal fusion or instrumentation)
- Disorders of the cranial and spinal nerves throughout their distribution
For a satisfactory neurosurgery outcome a reasonable pre-operative diagnosis is essential. Neuroradiology plays a key role not only in diagnosis but also in the operative phase of neurosurgery. Neuroradiology methods are used in modern neurosurgery diagnosis and treatment. They include:
- Computer assisted imaging computed tomography (CT)
- Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
- Positron emission tomography (PET)
- Magnetoencephalography (MEG)
- Stereotactic radiosurgery.
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